Continuing the learning on בבא קמא common law.
The fundamental distinction between the din of תם vs. מועד, the מאי נפקא מינה distinction between having to flee to a City of Refuge and stand before a Capital Crimes small Sanhedrin court from a simple Torts damages court. The former has the power to impose מכות, up to 39 lashes to atone for the din of כרת. It has the power to sell an Israel to work as an עבד עברי, indentured servant, as atonement for accidental murder. The damages caused by a תם animal do not hold anywhere near the risks of a person continuing to keep a מועד animal within the confines of his domains. Post Shoah, in my opinion, Europe, Britain, and Russia forever stamped with a permanent מועד evil reputation. Xtian Europe has forever destroyed its reputation as a society which merits anything other than complete and total contempt. Europeans simply have no “fear of heaven”. Nothing concerning the cultures or customs, manners or ways of Europe merits approval, even less so assimilation. Every Man, Woman, and child sweats the stench of the ghettos, and death camps. Europe has made itself into an absolute abomination, more gross than the stink of human sacrifices, a despicable Apartheid civilization.
Israeli foreign policy should therefore prioritize and strive to establish Most Favored Nations trading partnership/alliance with all the Arab and Muslim countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Building an international trade route that passes through the Sinai to Egypt till Morocco & Western Sahara; that likewise branches to Sudan, Eritrea, and Ethiopia. Called the foreign policy of עשרת דבורות. Israel must bring rain to the Sinai and the Sahara deserts by digging a canal by means of tunnel machines from Ashdod to the Dead Sea. This descent would require building multiple dams along the canal route. The electricity generated, used to convert oxygen & hydrogen into gases and increase the salinity of the Mediterranean waters to match that within the Dead Sea.
These to critical gases mixed with sand and salt and reintroduced to the wind currents. Through this cloud seeding technique and a blessing from HaShem Israel could serve as the medium to make the Sinai and Sahara deserts bloom and transform to the Breadbasket of the Planet. Radically changing the economies of the Middle East and North Africa. Such a foreign policy would make the Suez Canal far more attractive and profitable. Israel makes שלום with our neighbors by resolving the Canaani/dhimmi stateless Arab refugee crisis by supplying Arab farm workers. Desperately needed by these new agricultural based economies. The דיוק made on נזקים, bring massive economic prosperity to the region.
Israel must learn from the error made by the Ottoman empire. The latter built itself as a Great Power through endless wars which bankrupted and also corrupted the non Muslim Janissary eunuchs. The Sultans dependence upon this non-Muslim warrior class, eventually “produced” the 19th Century ‘Sick Man of Europe’. Currently Israel’s reputation also stands upon the success of the IDF. But a far more stable ‘good name reputation’ rests upon Israel providing the rains which cause the deserts to bloom. The Saudis, well aware that they enjoy a window of opportunity to diversify their economy on something more than simple petroleum. So too and how much more so, the Jewish state of Israel. Building the reputation of a ‘good name’ compares to a ship sailing on a tranquil ocean. An interpretation of יראת שמים.
The prophetic mussar of T’NaCH and Talmud rests upon the יסוד of יראת שמים. Yidden davven the mussar which our Siddur prioritizes:
לא בגבורת הסוס יחפץ, לא בשוקי האיש ירצה. רוצה ה’ את יראיו, את המיחלים לחסדו (תהלים קמז).
This repeated emphasis of the term את, a specific participle. A man cannot truly seek to do mitzvot לשמה lacking fear of heaven, achieved through the dedication in tefillah of tohor middot, dedicated holy to HaShem, like as in the משל of a korban sworn oath נמשל. What did Avraham dedicate on the altar, a ram whose horns got entangled in a bush or tohor middot? Primary & secondary, Substance & form, משל או נמשל, the one not equal to the other. Just as Esau, not equal to Yaacov — even though these twins share the identical mother and father. The study of Talmud requires the discipline, that the student embraces as a top priority and necessity, the need to make the logical דיוקים whereby he learns and understands like from like. Which tohor middah does the blessing רופא חולי עמו ישראל refer? To the middah revealed to Moshe at Horev – חנון. Based upon the interpretation: תעשה תפילתך במקום קבועה a דיוק from the teaching of Rabbi Shimon תפילת קבע ותפילת תחנונים.
The essence of kabbalah centers upon differentiation between tohor and tumah middot, all the other stuff simply window dressing which attracts the attention of folk who lack יראת שמים.
ב: וכי תימא דברי תורה מדברי קבלה לא ילפינן
Kabbalah refers to NaCH. Obviously not to the Zohar or Ari’s mysticism. The substance of T’NaCH common law makes a study of tohor middot precedents. In like and equal measure as does the relationship between the Book of דברים folded back upon the 4 Books of the Written Torah. The mitzvot in דברים function as precedents by which to interpret the k’vanna of Torah common law mussar. Rabbi Yechuda, did not just say: “I think the name of my codification of Sanhedrin courtroom rulings should be called משנה”! Rather the common law Book of דברים has the second name משנה תורה, just as Yaacov has the second name Israel.
The Gemara seeks to distinguish between a תם ומועד, like as did this commentary address above. The Talmud serves as the model for the day when Jews reconquer our homelands and once again strive לשמה to rule this land with righteous common law lateral courtrooms. Just as the kabbalah prioritizes the difference between tohor and tumah middot, all else simple window dressing, so too the Talmud prioritizes the establishment of Sanhedrin common law lateral courtrooms as the basis of Jewish faith in the sworn oath alliance with HaShem, everything else – just window dressing. The assimilated tumah statute law codes of halacha, uproot Talmudic common law and switch to religious observance of ritualized halachot as the primary horn of faith.
מהו דתימא כי פליג רחמנא בין תם למועד. ה”מ בתלושה אבל במחוברת אימא כולה מועדת הוא.
The “horn” of statute halachic law detaches Gemara precedents from the Mishna. Rule #1: Never detach a Gemarah from its Home Mishna. The entire scholarship of Gemara learning centers upon bringing precedent halachot from the whole of Sha’s with the intention to interpret the k’vanna of the language of their Home Mishna. The Gemarah does not give two peas in a hen house about organizing halachah into religious ritual subject-matter, as did the נידוי Reshonim and Achronim scholars who made the decision to pervert the Talmud into religious books of legal dogmatism; who therein gored Jews off the דרך of Torah faith. To such a degree that later Reform rabbis would declare Berlin as their new Jerusalem!
The sugia שמות כא: לה,לו makes a distinction when a ox תם או מועד, damages property. Property damages do not compare to an ox killing an Israel. A מועד that killed an Israel, if the avenger of blood caught and killed the owner of this ox while he fled to the City of Refuge, the avenger of blood the court would not hold him guilty of murder. Did the deceased release his מועד ox with the intention that it might kill his neighbor? The avenger of blood could easily make this defense. The Gemara of מכות addresses the Case of two men chopping wood in the forest. But it could never address the possibility, how to prove that a man did not purposely release a מועד ox with the intention of killing his neighbor. Because the sages did not desire to breach the subject of hatred without cause, that would poison Jews against one another with such a degree of animosity. The Mishna and Gemara came after the Civil War and Jewish revolts, where Jews not only brutally fought against one another, but actually sided with the Romans to slaughter Jews.