Waar is Spinoza als je hem nodig hebt? — GODEN EN MENSEN

Spinoza toonde de mens niet als een hoger wezen dan de andere op aarde, zegt historicus Tineke Bennema. Zij schrijft in de Volkskrant dat het tijd wordt dat we andere mensen, dieren, planten en stenen beschouwen als een heilige eenheid. ‘De relatie van Nederlanders met de natuur is volkomen uit het lood, het is een […]

Waar is Spinoza als je hem nodig hebt? — GODEN EN MENSEN

[[[

‘De opvatting die ik heb over God en de natuur wijkt sterk af van de late christenen.
Ik beschouw God namelijk als de in de dingen wonende oorzaak van alles,
niet als een oorzaak buiten de dingen.
Alles is volgens mij in God en beweegt zich in God.’
(Spinoza)]]]

“On God” begins with some deceptively simple definitions of terms that would be familiar to any seventeenth century philosopher. “By substance I understand what is in itself and is conceived through itself”; “By attribute I understand what the intellect perceives of a substance, as constituting its essence”; “By God I understand a being absolutely infinite, i.e., a substance consisting of an infinity of attributes, of which each one expresses an eternal and infinite essence.” The definitions of Part One are, in effect, simply clear concepts that ground the rest of his system. They are followed by a number of axioms that, he assumes, will be regarded as obvious and unproblematic by the philosophically informed (“Whatever is, is either in itself or in another”; “From a given determinate cause the effect follows necessarily”). From these, the first proposition necessarily follows, and every subsequent proposition can be demonstrated using only what precedes it. (References to the Ethics will be by part (I–V), proposition (p), definition (d), scholium (s) and corollary (c).)

On July 27 of that year (the sixth of Av, 5416, by the Jewish calendar), the following proclamation was issued by the leaders of Talmud Torah from in front of the ark of the Torah in the synagogue on the Houtgracht: The Senhores of the ma’amad [the congregation’s lay governing board] having long known of the evil opinions and acts of Baruch de Spinoza, have endeavored by various means and promises to turn him from his evil ways. However, having failed to make him mend his wicked ways, and, on the contrary, daily receiving more and more serious information about the abominable heresies which he practiced and taught and about his monstrous deeds, and having heard testimony from numerous trustworthy witnesses, who have deposed and borne witness to this effect in the presence of the said Espinoza, they became convinced of the truth of this matter.

After all of this has been investigated in the presence of the honorable hakhamim[“wise men,” or rabbis], they have decided, with the [rabbis’] consent, that the said Espinoza should be excommunicated and expelled from the people of Israel. By decree of the angels and by the command of the holy men, we excommunicate, expel, curse and damn Baruch de Espinoza, with the consent of God, Blessed be He, and with the consent of the entire holy congregation, and in front of these holy scrolls with the 613 precepts which are written therein; cursing him with the excommunication with which Joshua banned Jericho and with the curse which Elisha cursed the boys and with all the castigations which are written in the Book of the Law. Cursed be he by day and cursed be he by night; cursed be he when he lies down and cursed be he when he rises up. Cursed be he when he goes out and cursed be he when he comes in. The Lord will not spare him, but the anger of the Lord and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the Lord shall blot out his name from under heaven. And the Lord shall separate him unto evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in this book of the law. But you that cleave unto the Lord your God are alive every one of you this day.

2 thoughts on “Waar is Spinoza als je hem nodig hebt? — GODEN EN MENSEN

  1. ‘Benedictus de Spinoza(…) is geïnteresseerd in filosofie en laat zich al vroeg kritisch uit over traditionele joodse standpunten. De joodse Bijbel, de Thora, is in zijn ogen een product van de menselijke fantasie. Ook wil hij zich niet houden aan de strenge uiterlijke eisen en voorschriften van de joodse traditie.’

    (…) ‘Spinoza is niet de enige die afstand wil nemen van vaststaande denkbeelden en hij krijgt steun van verschillende aanhangers, die zich net als hij losmaken van filosofische en godsdienstige tradities. In zijn Tractatus theologico-politicus geeft Spinoza in 1670 een aanzet tot een vrijere uitleg van de Bijbel. Hij spreekt zich uit voor de democratie en wijst op het grote belang van principiële tolerantie en vrijheid van meningsuiting.’
    (Uit: De Canon van Nederland)

    Liked by 1 person

    1. [[[In zijn Tractatus theologico-politicus geeft Spinoza in 1670 een aanzet tot een vrijere uitleg van de Bijbel. Hij spreekt zich uit voor de democratie en wijst op het grote belang van principiële tolerantie en vrijheid van meningsuiting.’]]]

      The bible totally different from the Jewish T’NaCH. Spinoza lived his life as an assimilated Jews who rejected the culture and customs of the Jewish people and instead pursued the cultures and customs practiced by foreign populations. Ewwww.

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s