You wrote: [[[“””What the words originally meant is always primary, but it’s hardly the only way God speaks to us. Take for instance the connections one passage makes with other parts of the scriptures. One can’t read Isaiah without thinking of Christ. He is the son Immanuel, the Light that has dawned, the King that rules in righteousness. We read from one page, but God speaks from the totality of the book.”””]]]
Absurd. The Greek\Roman son of Zeus has no part with taking Israel out of Egypt, much less so the 1st Commandment of the revelation of the Torah at Sinai.
You opened with Isaiah 40:1-8, most probably the basis for your first time preaching experience. First and foremost, the Hebrew T’NaCH has no chapters and verses. The Hebrew T’NaCH its organized around sugiot. All Xtian translations of their bible – created in their own image. These tumah books of avodah zarah expunge the Name revealed in the 1st Commandment of Sinai which the church whore of Babylon totally rejects, and never accepted.
Aaron, the elder brother, he erred and translated the Name revealed in the 1st Commandment of Sinai to the word אלהים. This error the Torah refers to as the sin of the golden calf. Torah learns by way of משל\נמשל. The language ‘golden calf’, serves as but only a משל\\metaphor. Worlds separate reading words as found in Torah books from learning Torah mussar commandments. Whether a student studies the T’NaCH sealed Canon. ((Sealed long before the Greek\Roman new testament forgery)); or a student studies the Oral Torah revelation – as codified in the Talmud, likewise sealed by Rav Ashi and Rav Ravina in about 450 CE. (Sealed long after Ezra and the Men of the Great Assembly sealed the literature of the T’NaCH books). All students of both T’NaCH and Talmud know that learning a page of any Primary source (as opposed to secondary source commentaries or later apocrypha books similar to the new testament counterfeit “scripture”), require that students make the required נמשל דיוקים\interpretive inferences.
Why do all Torah and Talmud students stand on this precise יסוד\foundation/? That learning these Primary sources absolutely requires from them that they accept the obligation to make the required נמשל דיוקים. The abomination of the Xtian religion of avodah zarah, never for a single second stood upon this יסוד of Torah acceptance and faith as an eternal sworn oath obligation. Non bnai brit Goyim never accepted the Torah at Sinai. And how much more so their church leaders throughout the generations; they denied the revelation of the Oral Torah on Horev שמות לד:ו,ז.
Worlds separate and differentiate between Oral Torah logic and Court rulings of halachah\LAW. Yet the new testament counterfeit errs precisely on this very יסוד. It confuses Torah commandments which command mussar, with courtroom legal rulings of halachah\LAW. Such a huge blunder made by the alien foreigners who penned the new testament counterfeit, the magnitude of such an error compares only to translating the revelation of the Spirit Name as commanded in the first Commandment of the revelation of the Torah at Sinai to words; comparable to Aaron who made this exact error when he translated the Name unto אלהים. The Torah revelation at Sinai refers to this avodah zarah through the משל known as the ‘Golden Calf’.
All Xtian bibles of avodah zarah, duplicate the sin of the golden calf משל. Words like YHVH, Yahweh, Jehovah, Lord, Allah — all duplications of the משל sin of the golden calf. The new testament forgery repeatedly employs the ‘holy spirit’ metaphor, which later theologians elevated unto the Trinity dogma of avodah zarah. רוח הקודש, this term exists only as a משל. The נמשל of this משל – the Oral Torah middot Spirit Names for HaShem, first revealed at Horev after the Sinai revelation. The book of the gospel of John opened with the golden calf error by declaring the Word is God. Words have tremendous difficulty describing colors. Neither words, nor human lips can pronounce the Name of HaShem first revealed at Sinai. This error יסודי\fundamental, the Xtian church religion of avodah zarah never perceived, not in 2000+ years.
The Talmud codification of Oral Torah law, codified in about 450 CE obviously came long after Ezra and the Men of the Great Assembly sealed the T’NaCH Books in the early years of the 2nd Commonwealth. Talmud stands upon the יסוד of the T’NaCH literature, and not the reverse – as the counterfeit church authorities slander continuously the chosen Cohen nation. The blood libel slanders, common throughout the Middle Ages, springs forth from this יסוד; that church leadership continually confused Oral Torah logic with law. The church perversion throughout its long history of murder and bloodshed has confused ‘the Law’ with Torah commandments which command mussar. All T’NaCH prophets command mussar. Mussar defines the meaning of the word prophesy. This key Torah definition which defines all prophetic commandments, the counterfeit church abomination has never perceived in 2000+ years.
None of the Books of the T’NaCH originally contained chapters and verses. The church created their bibles of avodah zarah in their own image. They expunged the Order of sugiot and replaced this Order with an alien worship, organized around chapters and verses. Church confusion over the distinction between the revelation of the Oral Torah logic at Horev with the codification of Oral Torah laws, sealed thousands of years later has tremendous consequences. The Talmud follows the precedent established by the T’NaCH codification. Rabbi Yechudah’s Mishna, published in 210 CE, a common law code of judicial rulings of halachah\LAW. The style employed by the Mishna, Case//Rule. The Mishna employs the method, as duplicated by all other judicial courts systems, throughout human history, whose courts exist as Common Law courtrooms. Common law stands upon the יסוד of precedents.
The Gemarah “commentary” made upon the Mishna, in its turn employs a style of difficulty\answer. Why? The Gemarah learns the Case\Rule Mishna by way of bringing precedents. The difficulty\answer style of the Gemarah either validates or rejects possible precedents to “understand” (בינה defined as משל – learning a matter in the midst of other matters\נמשל distinguishing between like and like) the k’vanna/intent of the Case\Rule of Rabbi Yechudah’s Mishna. The much later Talmud stands upon the יסוד of the much earlier T’NaCH common law system.
The T’NaCH organized by and through the Order of sugiot! T’NaCH common law learns\נמשל//it makes the required דיוקים/inferences by comparing sugiot with similar or contrasting sugiot. This compare & contrast learning goes by the משל of learning the Torah לשמה. The opening Mishna of גיטין\divorce/ teaches that Jews in g’lut/exile\ had lost the skill/wisdom\ to learn the Torah and keep the mitzvot commandments לשמה. The counterfeit Xtian abomination which worships the golden calf, never – not even for a day – ever obeyed the Name of HaShem לשמה.
Three sugiot contain your “key verses” Isaiah 40:1-8. A precedent to “understand” the mussar which the prophet commands, 3 different sugiot ישעיה כו:טז – כז:יא. The mussar of the prophet, did not just rebuke the folk of his day, this mussar rebukes all who worship and kiss the golden calf.
Let’s bring a 2nd witness, because all cases of דיני נפשות\\Capital Crimes Cases// requires no less than two witnesses. מלכים א יב:א-כד. King David, all other anointed kings as Moshiach stand by the precedent of his service to do and obey the mitzvot לשמה. The church abomination, never for even a single day has ever obeyed HaShem לשמה. For 2000+ years the church has kissed the golden calf avodah zarah abomination, yet called themselves ‘the new Israel’. HaShem brought a curse upon king Shlomo for his avodah zarah and destroyed his kingdom. HaShem shall not likewise judge the church, guilty of the Shoah – the systematic extermination of the Jewish people, the starvation, torture and cruel murder of 75% of European Jewry in less than four years?